Piazza della Cisterna
The walled Borgo of Compiano has always had three doors; one of these is “Porta della Cisterna”*, called “a Sitèrna”,that starts at the bottom of the Castle where starts also Costa’s road that arrives at Passo Colla and Bardi. The square is called “della Cisterna” because under the rampart there is an underground, in the past it was a water reserve and an icebox. The jambs of this door were destroyed and the wooden doors were removed for the passage of horses and vehicles. The wall of the castle’s rampart over the “Piazza della Cisterna” fell apart in 2010 and later was rebuilt.
The access to the Borgo to “Piazza della Cisterna” had a door, and these door’s jambs had Landi’s arms and they have been reused and you can see them at Marco Rossi Sidoli n° 12*.
From the square there was a passage, at the actual house n°11*, that arrived in the tower, that controlled the East Castle’s walls, now there is only the bottom of this tower with the large “barbacane” at the base.
For over 1000 years, Compiano’s water supply was allowed by twenty wells. A lot of them were private. One of the public wells is situated on the base of the Castle’s ramp and it has been walled up about in 1960.
The two first buildings from the square’s door, on the left with house numbers 22-24, maybe were Castle officials’ homes. The building number 26 was the Court*, you could enter with an internal ramp situated on the building’s left side; where there was the entrance door, today it is situated in the central part.
The Monte di Pietà* was founded in 1608 and remained active until the late ‘700. The building had only one fiddle to Piazza della Cisterna and it was downstairs from the Carrubbio ramp. This house, unlike other houses, had only one floor because it had to block the view of the valley from the tower above Reveal.
The north part of Monte di Pietà has the civic number 19 and since ‘800 until 1980 was a elementary school, then it was a medical clinic, then it was a tourist office and now it is Chicco Ferrari’s museum, that is a paintings’ collection donated by the author to Compiano Arte Storia.
The access to the Castle
You can access the Castle from the square thanks to a ramp that was in cobblestone until 1970, when Marquees Gambarotta replaced it with a sandstone slabs track to facilitate the passage for cars. The bar is situated where there was previously a stable built in 1800; before, stable was located within the Castle. Rivellino tower was built in front of the entrance door for defence purposes. at its right side there is a second ramp that leads to another door which takes to the ditch’s floor. Up to 1500 this door connected the Castle with its entrance drawbridge, wich than was rebuilt in mansonry.
BIBLIOGRAPHY – Edition by Compiano Arte Storia
Gino Alpi, Ettore Rulli – Storia di Compiano in Val Taro
V. Fumagalli, G. Petracco Sicardi, D. Ponzini – Val Taro e Val Ceno nell’Alto Medioevo
Ettore Rulli – Il Castello di Compiano
Carlo Natale – Libro della descritione in rame de i Stati et Feudi Imperiali di Don Federico Landi
D. Ponzini, E. Rulli – Il Monastero delle Monache in Compiano
Ettore Rulli – Compiano e i Compianesi, 500 anni di vita della gente di Compiano